The United Kingdom is at risk of forfeiting a significant £65 million annually by the end of the decade if the deployment of heat pumps is not accelerated, caution energy analysts.
Approximately three-quarters of the UK’s boiler exports are directed to nations with phase-out deadlines before 2030. The Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU) highlights that the absence of substantial support for heat pump manufacturing from the government jeopardizes this revenue stream.
Drawing from United Nations trade data, ECIU reveals a notable decline in exports of central heating boilers. Between 2019 and 2022, figures dropped from £150 million to £85 million. This decline is potentially linked to countries shifting away from gas boilers in response to energy crises and net-zero goals.
Heat Pump Surge in Europe:
In 2022, Europe experienced a 40% surge in heat pump sales, totalling over 20 million units. This trend underscores the transition to cleaner heating options, leaving the UK at risk of lagging behind.
Jess Ralston, an ECIU energy analyst, underscores the urgency of adopting cleaner heat technologies. She draws parallels with the US and Europe, highlighting their swift adaptation to the evolving energy landscape.
While heat pumps offer efficiency gains over gas boilers, their installation can pose financial barriers. Luke Sheppard, a former gas boiler installer, explains the costs involved, emphasizing the potential expenses related to retrofitting existing homes.
Various grant schemes are available for homeowners in different regions of the UK. The Boiler Upgrade Scheme offers financial support for heat pump installation, aiming to align with the government’s target of 600,000 annual heat pump installations by 2028.
Despite the UK Government’s ambitions, installation rates fall behind European counterparts, raising concerns about achieving the desired transition away from gas boilers.
Ireland, Germany, and the Netherlands feature prominently in the UK’s central heating exports, but these nations are also phasing out fossil fuel boilers, potentially impacting future trade relationships.
The UK Government’s commitment to eliminating gas boilers in new homes by 2025 and the subsequent clean heat market mechanism’s introduction by 2024 aims to propel heat pump adoption.